Description
Most of the correspondence concerns succession at Dubai:Letter from Residency Agent Shargah [Sharjah] No. 13, 10 April 1894 informing Resident of death of Shaikh Rashid bin Maktoom [Rashid bin Maktum].Letter from Maktoom bin Hasher [Maktum bin Hashar] of 12 April 94 informing Resident of his having succeded his uncle.Report to Government No 39 12 May 1894 - correspondence about treatment by the new chief of the sons of Rashid bin Maktoom, the deceased chief.Death of Shiekh Maktoom bin Hashar and succession of Sheikh Buti bin Suheil [Butti bin Suhayl].a letter 27 July 1929 from the Political Resident Persian Gulf to Shaikh Said bin Maktum, Ruler of Dubai; Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi; Shaikh Rashid bin Humaid, Ruler of Ajman; Shaikh Sultan bin Salim, Ruler of Ras al Khaimah. The letter advises on succession process.There is a one page letter concerning the import duties made by the Shaikh of Dubai.Correspondents include the Residency Agent, Sharjah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident Persian Gulf; Sir Louis Dane, Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, Simla; Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf. Sheikh Butti bin Suheil, Dubai.
Description
Correspondence discussing Ajman and Sharjah affairs. Includes discussion of the actions of 'Shaikh Homaid ben Abdol Aziz, Chief of Ajman' attempting to collect money from the Al Ben Lutah who were British subjects.Correspondence discusses the occupation of a watch tower which caused friction between Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmad, chief of Sharjah and the inhabitants of Hirah. Correspondence also discusses an incident where the revival of a blood feud was threatening to develop into a war between Sharjah and Ajman. Correspondence notes this had implications for the Imperial Airways Aerodrome and rest house. The Senior Naval Officer and the Residency Agent arranged a truce. A section deals with the maintenance of Abdur Rahman at Hairah.Correspondence is between tKhan Bahadur Isa bin Abdul Latif, Residency Agent, Sharjah; Shaikh Said bin Maktum, Ruler of Dubai; Shaikh Homaid bin Abdul Aziz, Chief of Ajman. Stuart George Knox, Political Resident, Persian Gulf; Shaikh Khalid ben Ahmad, Shaikh of Sharjah; Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf.
Description
Correspondence concerning the claim of Hassan Samaiya for property lost on Abu Musa island after the German company Wonckhaus lost the concession following an international tribunal. Includes a list of articles used in the mining operation and also discusses the welfare of some donkeys left there. The file includes the 'Investigation regarding Hassan Sameiyeh's complaint in connection with gear said to have disappeared from Abu Musa'. Correspondents include the Residency Agent, Lingah; Dr H.Listermann, Imperial German Consul, Bushire; Sir Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident Persian Gulf.There is also correspondence on the claim by Shaikh Sagar bin Khalid of Sharjah against Hassan bin Samaiyah for the loss of horses on Abu Musa. Correspondents include the Residency Agent, Lingah and Sir Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident Persian Gulf; Khan Bahadur Agba Beder, Residency Agent, Lingah and Shaikh Sagar bin Khalid of Sharjah.
Description
Correspondence discussing the death of the agent of the British Indian Steam Navigation (B.I) company in Dubai. A new agent was sent out but the Shaikh of Dubai, Shaikh Butti bin Soheil, refused him permission to land. The First Assistant of the Residency, Captain Birdwood then accompanied the new agent. Further correspondence discusses the difficulty the agent had in arranging accommodation which was finally arranged by the Residency Agent, Sharjah. A letter of warning was sent to the Shaikh of Dubai. The file also discusses the estate of the late agent.
Description
This file contains correspondence about a disagreement between the ruler of Umm al-Qawayn, Sheikh Rashid, and his brother, Naser bin Ahmad, concerning the estate of their father. The main correspondents are Khan Bahadur 'Isa ibn Abd al-Latif, the Residency Agent, Sharjah; Political Resident Persian Gulf; Senior Naval Officer Persian Gulf.Topics include:A letter from Brella, widow of the late Sheikh Ahmed (bin Abdullah, Chief of Umm al-Qawain).Translation of an extract from a Basrah newspaper, Sada ad-Dastur.Sketch maps (folios 150 and 147) in Arabic and translation in English of 'the places allocated by the late Sheikh Ahmad, Chief of Umm al-Qaywayn to his sons and foreigners to plant date palms and to use them for cultivation'.Letters discussing a plot by Sheikh Rashid, ruler of Umm al-Qaywayn to murder the Residency Agent, Sharjah.Measures taken against Shaikh Rashid of Umm al-Qaywayn, including bombardment of fort.
Description
This file contains reports and correspondence relating to the ownership of some islands in the Gulf, namely, the islands of Farsi, Arabi, Harqus, Al Karan and Al Kurain. The reports and correspondence are mainly between the India Office, London; the Foreign Office, London; Political Resident Persian Gulf, Political Agent Kuwait; Political Agent Bahrain; the Anglo Persian Oil Company. The discussion over the territorial status bears on whether the islands would come in the concession area of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company or Kuwait. One letter notes that if the ownership of the islands is undetermined up until that point this was of no importance; however, with the possibility that they may contain oil it was now imperative that they should belong to either Her Majesty's Government or to Kuwait rather than a foreign power. Therefore, the Shaikh of Kuwait is encouraged to erect beacons on some of the islands to support his claim to ownership. As the British were keen to avoid territorial disputes with Persia this was thought more unobtrusive than the raising of flags. There is also discussion over the island of Hawar and whether it belonged to Bahrain or Qatar.It also includes a translation of a letter from Shaikh Hamdan bin Zayed [Shaikh of Abu Dhabi] to Colonel Stuart Geoge Knox, Political Resident Persian Gulf, a small hand drawn sketch map showing location of a village on Dalma Island with H.M.S. Foxanchorage position (folio 3), and a table on sources of oil supply to Britain in the years 1935, 1936 and 1937.
Description
This file contains correspondence relating to the following topics:The dispute between Shaikh Sultan bin Saqr and the sons of Shaikh Khalid, a former ruler of Sharjah, over the area of Dhaid and how this affected a geological expedition. Correspondents include Gordon Loch, Political Agent, Bahrain and Shaikh Rashid bin Humaid, Ruler of Ajman; Residency Agent, Sharjah.Punishment of the Shaikh of Fujairah (Shaikh Hamad bin Abdullah al-Sharqi). Correspondents include the Political Agent, Bahrain and British Consul, Bushire.The proposed establishment of customs houses at Debai, Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah as retaliation against Persian customs proposed at Henjam and elsewhere. The Residency Agent, Sharjah informed that there was no substance to this report but the Shaikhs were annoyed at their subjects' boats being arrested by Persian Customs inspectors at sea.Correspondence from November to December 1929 between the Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf and the Political Resident, Persian Gulf. Includes a statement from Abdur Rahman, son of Khan Bahadur Isa bin Abdul Latif, Residency Agent, Sharjah on an attack on women seeking refuge in the Residency Agent's house from attack by their male relatives. Correspondence reports that Shaikh Sultan bin Salem of Ras al-Khaimah, declined to take action against these men until pressured by the Commander of HMS Crocus.Correspondence between Residency Agent, Sharjah and Andrew Charles Stewart, Political Agent Muscat, about the murder of Shaikh Abdur Rahman bin Saif of Hamriya by his nephew 'as a result of the machination of the Shaikh of Shargah and Adbur Rahman bin Mohammed.'Recognition of the Shaikh of Kalba by His Majesty's Government as Ruler of Kalba and accordance of a personal salute of three guns. Kalba moved from the responsibility of the Political Agent, Muscat to be dealt with by the Political Agent, Bahrain and Residency Agent, Sharjah. Correspondence consists of a circular between the Political Resident, Persian Gulf and the Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Iraq; Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf and the Political Agents in Kuwait, Bahrain, Muscat.A note on Abu Dhabi customs and revenues by E.V. Packer, Petroleum Concessions Ltd.Notices issued by the Shaikh of Sharjah on customs charges. Translation of a letter from the Residency Agent, Sharjah, to the Political Agent, Bahrain.14/252 I. Notices issued by the Shaikh of Sharjah on cusotms charges. Translation of a letter from the Residency Agent, Sharjah to the Political Agent, Bahrain.
Description
This file consists of correspondence relating to actions taken against the Shaikh of Fujairah. The main correspondents are the Political Resident Persian Gulf; Senior Naval Officer Persian Gulf; Political Agent Muscat; Residency Agent Sharjah; Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Shaikh Hamad bin Abdullah, ruler of Fujairah; Shaikh Said bin Hamad, Chief of Kalba.A number of topics are covered.The kidnap of a Baluch girl who was sold to the Shaikh of Fujairah. The Political Resident threatened to shell the Shaikh's fort and burn his dhow if a fine was not paid. Furthermore, as the Shaikh did not respond to the protocol of coming on board his fort was bombarded for one and a half hours which produced the desired effect.Disputes between al Fujairah (al-Qawasim tribe) and Kalba (al Sharqiyyin tribe) over raiding and disputes.There are over forty letters in Arabic with translations; maps drawn by Bertram Thomas of tribal territories around al Fujairah and also a map of the ports of Oman.
Description
This file is a collection of correspondence between British officials in Bahrain, Bushire, Karachi, and Muscat. It covers the following topics:Anti-British activities of Abdullah bin Faris, Shaikh of Sharjah's Secretary.Calim [soldiers] of Makhoom bin Baroot against Shaikh of Sharjah.Dibah-Ras al Khaimah route to Trucial Coast.Persian Mission to the Trucial Coast.The Visit of the Political Agent, Bahrain, to Doha, Abu Dhabi and Dubai.Visit of the Political Resident Persian Gulf to the Trucial Coast.Relations between Ras al Khaimah and Muscat Government (Wadi al Qaur).Relations between Kalba and Muscat.Seizure of Persian jollyboat by Shaikh of Dubai.Shaikh of Abu Dhabi's visit to Basra for medical treatment.Shaikh of Dubai's letter to Persian Government.Smuggling of goods into Karachi.Trucial Shaikhdoms.Visit of Persian Non Commissioned Officer to Dubai.
Description
Correspondence regarding the area of Zaora between the towns of Ajman and Himriya. The Chief of Abu Dhabi sought to despatch provisions by sea for forces sent by him to Zaora for the protection of his tribesmen that he wished to settle there. Correspondence discusses that the Shaikh of Dubai and the Shaikh of Ajman were 'in defensive and offensive alliance with one another against the Chief of Abu Dhabi' and they sought to prevent Zaora having the presence of a tribe protected by the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi.Correspondents include: Residency Agent, Sharjah; Assistant Political Agent, Bahrain; First Assistant to the Political Resident in the Persian Gulf; Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident Persian Gulf, Secretary to the Government of India Foreign Department, Calcutta; Shaikh Za'id bin Khalifah, Chief of Abu Dhabi; Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Humeid, Chief of Ajman.
Description
Correspondence dealing with the unrest at Dubai due to the attempts on the life of Shaikh Sa'id bin Maktum by his cousins Shaikhs Rashid and Buti and their efforts to usurp him. The file includes a genealogical map of the family of Shaikh Sa'id bin Maktoum. Letters discuss how the British government can support the Shaikh without abandoning a declared policy of non-interference in internal matters. Correspondents include the Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf; British Naval Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station; Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; Political Agent, Bahrain.The second topic of the file is Trucial Coast policy in broader terms, and how the presence of the recently established air route affected this. A memorandum discusses how with the advent of oil, other nations such as the United States of America and Japan were taking an interest in the Gulf. Furthermore, correspondence notes the increase in Ibn Saud's prestige requiring the need to ensure the safety of the air route. Correspondents include Air Vice-Marshall C.S. Burnett, Commanding Officer, British Forces in Iraq; Trenchard Craven Fowle, Political Resident Persian Gulf.
Description
This file contains correspondence relating to jurisdiction in the Trucial Shaikhdoms. The main correspondents are the India Office, Foreign Office, Political Resident Persian Gulf; Political Agent, Bahrain.The correspondence discusses the creation of new Orders-in-Council for the Trucial Coast and whether this is needed before Petroleum Concessions progresses its oil discoveries. The file contains the Draft Trucial Coast Order in Council. Letters discuss whether war-time contingencies require new legal measures to deal with hostile persons. Also discussed are measures to contain the possibility of post-war attempts at penetration by foreigners including the American oil company and how to reply to a letter from the American Embassy. The file also includes letters from Shaikh Sultan bin Salim, ruler of Ras al Khaimah and Shaikh Shakbut bin Sultan bin Zayid, ruler of Abu Dhabi. There is a printed report of the External Affairs Department Trucial States Order-in-Council 1946.
Description
This file contains correspondence between British officials in Bushire, Bahrain, and Sharjah.Topics include:The visit of Lady Willingdon to Sharjah.A raid by Manasir tribe and murder of the Amir of Khan village.Diving on the Trucial Coast and measures to improve the living conditions of the divers. Includes translation of letters from Shaikh Sa'id bin Maktum, ruler of Dubai to the Residency Agent, Sharjah; and from Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain to Political Agent, Bahrain.The building of a fort by the Sheikh of Sharjah.A pilgrimage to Mecca by Sheikh Abdullah, Sheikh of Qatar (1940).
Description
This file relates to the application of Arsham and Tigranes Joseph Malcolm for mining rights to iron oxide on Abu Musa island and other locations such as the islands of Dalma, Ghagha, Sir Abu Nu'air and Musandam Peninsula. Letters also discuss the resources of salt, gold and the activities of the German company, Wonckhaus and Co. There are many letters in Arabic with translations.The main correspondents are Lieutenant-Colonel, Malcolm John Meade,the Political Resident in the Persian Gulf ; Sir William John Cuningham, Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department; Residency Agent, Sharjah; Residency Agent, Lingah; Political Agent, Muscat; Shaikh Zayid bin Khalifah, Chief of Abu Dhabi; Shaikh Saggar bin Khalid, Chief of Sharjah.
Description
Correspondence concerning succession at Ras al-Khaima. Correspondence discusses succession disputes and issues of recognition by the British Government. Correspondents include the Residency Agent, Sharjah; Political Resident Persian Gulf; Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department; Shaikh Sagar bin Khalid, Chief of Sharjah.
Description
This file relates mainly to the issues of succession in Ajman and some other Trucial States. The main correspondents are the Residency Agent, Sharjah; Political Resident Persian Gulf; Under Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department; and Shaikh Sultan bin Salem, Ruler of Ras al Khaimah.Correspondence discusses the implications of recognizing a shaikh who has aquired position through force and whether it is necessary for a new shaikh to sign the agreements with the British relating to maritime peace. Correspondence also discusses how Shaikh Abdul Aziz bin Homeid, Chief of Ajman was murdered by his slave and was succeeded by his son who accepted the obligations of the British agreements.