Description
Correspondence in this file discusses the etiquette of gun salutes and exchange of calls in the Gulf. Topics include:the raising of the number of gun salutes for the Ruler of Kuwait and the Ruler of Bahrain from seven guns to eleven guns;a letter in Arabic (with English translation) from Shaikh Hamad bin Isa al Khalifah [Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah], Ruler of Bahrain, to Percy Gordon Loch, Political Agent, Bahrain, expressing thanks to King George V for the granting of a seven guns as a personal salute;the programme and protocol for the visit of the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station, to Bahrain and Sharjah.
Description
This file contains correspondence relating to the etiquette of various social occasions involving British officials in the Gulf, members of Gulf ruling families and visiting dignitaries. There are numerous seating plans for dinner parties as well as Christmas greetings and lists of expenditures and reports on social events. Topics include:protocol for return of calls depending on whether the Political Agent was married or unmarried;social programme for the visits of HMS Bidefordand HMS Shoreham;question of precedence of Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain, as compared to the Assistant Political Agent, Bahrain;a statement of expenditure for a party for the Political Resident in the Persian Gulf;invitation to Percy Gordon Loch, Political Agent, Bahrain, to use the BAPCO Club and golf course.
Description
This file contains correspondence relating to the flying of flags on Tamb island [Greater Tunb] and on Sirr Abu Nu'air [Şīr Bū Nu‘ayr]. In 1933 Trenchard Craven Fowle, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf, encouraged the shaikhs of the Trucial Coast to fly their flags on these islands to prevent the Government of Persia from claiming ownership. This led to a dispute between the Ruler of Abu Dhabi and the Ruler of Sharjah over the erection of buildings on the islands. This dispute had previously surfaced during the Residencies of Percy Zachariah Cox and Arthur Prescott Trevor.The file contains a note written by Khan Bahadur 'Isa bin 'Abdul Latif, Residency Agent, Sharjah recording a conversation between Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan bin Zaid, Ruler of Abu Dhabi and Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch, Political Agent, Bahrain. Also discussed is the attempt by the Shaikh of Ras al-Khaimah to collect tribute from Persians living on Tamb Island.Correspondence is mainly between Trenchard Craven Fowle, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf; Khan Bahadur 'Isa bin 'Abdul Latif, Residency Agent, Sharjah; Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan bin Zaid, Ruler of Abu Dhabi. Other correspondents include Edward Birbeck Wakefield, Political Agent, Bahrain; Cornelius James Pelly, Political Officer, Trucial Coast (Sharjah); William Rupert Hay, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf. Some of the correspondence is conducted from the office of the Political Resident in the Persian Gulf, SS Nearchus, at sea.
Description
View of a room with a signing ceremony.
Description
This file contains correspondence between the British Political Agent at Bahrain; the British Political Resident in the Persian Gulf at Bushire; Major C C L Ryan, Secretary to the Political Resident at Bushire; and S G Murteza, Assistant Engineer, Persian Gulf Independent Sub-Division, Bushire.Folios 1-12 concern the poor quality of work undertaken at the Bahrain Political Agency in May 1935 by Mr Muhammad Ishaq, Overseer, Public Works Department;Folios 13-16 concern the consideration of Pardhan Singh and Abdul Wahab, Persian Gulf Sub-Division Overseers, for the post of Assistant Engineer at Bushire;Folios 17-22 concern the abolition of the Persian Gulf Independent Sub-Division of the Public Works Department during the period of the Second World War and the release of S G Murteza for military service.
Description
This file contains correspondence between the British Political Agency at Bahrain and the British Political Residency in the Persian Gulf at Bushire. The correspondence concerns the institution of system of Annual Confidential Reports on their clerical staff in 1935 (ff. 1A-2), various changes to this policy (ff. 21, 30, 38), and the suggestion of instituting regular medical examinations (ff. 4-5). Most of these letters are reminders for the submission of the reports (ff. 3, 6, 7, 24-25, 26, 27, 35, 37, 39 and 41). The reports themselves are not included, however some lists of names of clerical staff are present in the file (ff. 13 and 25).
Description
This file contains correspondence between the the British Political Agents at Bahrain and Kuwait; the British Political Resident in the Persian Gulf at Bushire; the British Political Officer on the Trucial Coast at Sharjah; Rooney, Residency Surgeon, Bushire; Air Officer Commanding, al-Ḥabbānīyah, Iraq; Khān Sāḥib Sayyid ‘Abd al-Razzāq, Residency Agent Sharjah; Station Superintendent of British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) at Sharjah; G H Middleton, Foreign Office, London.This file covers the appointments and affairs of various people to the role of Political Officer, Trucial Coast, between 1939 and 1950. They include: Captain John Baron Howes, Captain Roy Douglas Metcalfe, Cornelius James Pelly, Captain Maurice O'Connor Tandy, Reginald Michael Hadow, Captain Richard Evan Bird, Captain Raymond Clive Murphy, Captain Hugh Dunstan Rance, Gordon Noel Jackson, Captain J E Hudson, Patrick D Stobart and A J Wilton. The file also covers periods when the position was vacant, including April 1942 to March 1943 and August 1943 to October 1943.Included within these papers is correspondence concerning the establishment of the position of Political Officer, Trucial Coast; the appointment of officers and arrangements for their travel, accommodation (f. 86), acquiring a car (ff. 8-9, 23) leave (ff. 33-36, f 85) and replacements; correspondence concerning their reporting arrangements (f. 10) and duties, including reports on various journeys (ff 48-59, 69-72, 83-84) and a meeting with Ibrāhīm bin ‘Uthmān, Shaikh of Buraimi, and his men (ff. 24-33); a report concerning the necessity of the position vis-à-vis the increased number of RAF officers at Shajrah (ff. 76-77); and arrangements for accommodating Bertram Thomas, who is representing Shell, visiting the Rulers of Trucial Coast.
Description
This file contains correspondence relating to the establishment of the Arab League.a summary (ff 2-9) of a resolution of protocol of the Preparatory Committee for the Arab Congress published in the Journal d'Egyptein October 1944.a copy – provided by the British Ministry of Information Middle East Services – of an article entitled 'The Arab League' by Edward Atiyah of the Arab Office, which was published in The Spectator, on 12 October 1944.
Description
The file contains correspondence regarding the formal recognition of Shaikh Hamad as Ruler of Bahrain by the Government of India and the presentation to him of a kharitaby the Political Resident, Bushire on behalf of Freeman Freeman-Thomas Willingdon,Viceroy and Governor-General of India.The English version of the Kharita is found on folio 29 and an Arabic version on folio 30.
Description
This file contains correspondence discussing the concerns of British officials regarding the movement of Persian Government officials in the Gulf and their supposed attempts to challenge British power in the region.The movements of Haji Ahmed Khan (also given as Hajee Ahmed Khan and Hajee Ahmed bin Mohamad Ali), the Governor of Bushire, are discussed in detail throughout the file and copies of some of his correspondence with local rulers and the British are contained in the file.The file also contains letters in Arabic (with English translations) from British agents in Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh] and Sharjah that were sent to the Political Resident in Bushire and correspondence between the Political Resident and the following local rulers:Zayed bin Khaleefah [Khalifa], Chief of Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi]Rashid bin Huamid, Chief of AjmanHumaid bin Abdullah bin Sultan, Chief of Ras El Khaymah [Ras Al Khaimah]Ahmad bin Abdullah, Chief of Ummal Kaiwain [Umm Al Quwain]Rashed [Rashid] bin Maktoum, Chief of Debay [Dubai]
Description
The volume contains memos, reports and correspondence exchanged between the British officials in the Persian Gulf, the Political Resident and his Agents at Sharjah and Bahrein [Bahrain], the Ruler of Katr [Qatar], Shaikh Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī, and the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, Shaikh Zayid bin Khalīfah, discussing hostilities between the two rulers, occurring between 1888 and 1889. The hostilities were initially due to the dispute on the sovereignty over Al Udaid [’Odaid, Qatar] considered to be Abu Dhabi property, and provoked attacks and raids. The main events dealt with in the volume are the attack of Bedouin from Abu Dhabi on Al Bida [Qatar] during which twenty-four men were killed including Ali, Shaikh Jasim's son, and the subsequent Qatari attack to Dhafrah [Abu Dhabi].The volume also contains copious letters in Arabic (with English translations) sent to the Political Resident in Persian Gulf at Bushire by local rulers.
Description
The volume contains correspondence relating to the perceived threat of attack on Oman by Ibn Rashid [Muḥammad bin ‘Abdullah Āl Rashīd]. The principal correspondents are: Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf, at Bushire; Abul Kasim [Ḥajj Abu'l-Qāsim], Residency Agent at Sharjah; Aḥmad bin ‘Abd al-Rasūl, Residency Agent at Bahrain; various officials at the India Office, Foreign Office, and the Government of India; Henry Drummond Wolff, British Minister at Tehran; officials at the Political Agency in Muscat; Faysal bin Toorki [Fayṣal bin Turkī, al-Sayyid], Sultan of Muscat; William Tweedie, the Political Agent for Turkish Arabia, at Baghdad; and William White, British Ambassador at Constantinople.The volume largely consists of intelligence reports (both the originals in Arabic and the English translations) sent by the Residency Agents at Bahrain and Sharjah to Edward Ross at Bushire, which were subsequently shared and discussed with other departments. The volume is divided into four sections under a subject heading, as follows:'Reports of Turkish Naval Reinforcement, etc. in connection with the threatened invasion of Oman by Ibn Rashid, June 1888';'Threatened invasion of Oman by Ibn Rashid - Proceedings of Shaikh Jasim';'Turkish Relations with Shammar Arabs of Mesopotamia';'Genealogy of Mohammed ibn Rashid'.Topics covered by the volume include:The build-up of Turkish military presence in the Gulf;The rivalry between Shaikh Saeed bin Khaleefah [Zāyid bin Khalīfa Āl Nahyān], ruler of Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi], and Jasim bin Mahomed Thani [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thāni], ruler of El Bidaa (modern Doha);Jasim's attempts to gather support amongst the Arab tribes of the Trucial Coast for Ibn Rashid's planned attack against Oman;Biographical information on Ibn Rashid and his family, as well as assessments of the support he enjoys in the region;British concern over the matter, and warnings given by them to the Turkish authorities of the consequences should the attack against Oman be made;A Turkish military expedition against sections of the Shammar (tribe) residing in Mesopotamia.
Description
Correspondence discusses miscellaneous topics including:The Amirs of Jaalan [Ja’alān] and their claim to be treated as an independent state along with the rebuttal of these claims.Kidnapping of Kersandas Lalji and visit to Sur in 1926 by Major Cyril Charles Johnson Barrett, Political Agent Muscat in the company of Bertram Thomas, Commander Tancred and Lieutenant Creswell of H.M.S. Crocusto remedy this matter.Views of Bertram Thomas on the proposal to make Khassab a port of call for the British India steamers.Family tree (folio 41) of the "Amirs of Jalaan" composed by Cyril Charles Johnson Barrett.List (folio 42) of principal tribes of Oman with the names of their sheikhs and provinces (Major Gerald Patrick Murphy, Political Agent Muscat to L.B.H. Haworth, Political Resident Persian Gulf).Report by Major Gerald Patrick Murphy, Political Agent Muscat, on 'present conditions in Muscat' (1927)."Narrative of Muscat Affairs 1872-1893" (folio 98)Printed India Office, Muscat Supplementary Memorandum, 1908-1928.Correspondents include: Mahomed bin Nair Ali Hamad, Amir of Jaalan; Governor-General of India; Reginald Evelyn L Wingate, Political Agent, Muscat; Bertram Thomas, Financial Adviser, Muscat State; Major Gerald Patrick Murphy, Political Agent Muscat; Lionel Berkley H Haworth, Political Resident Persian Gulf.
Description
Consists of a report by Valentine Hugh Wilfred Dowson entitled 'Notes on a few day's journey to the West of Maskat'. The report is divided into sections including climate; geology; communications; flora and fauna. There then follows three sections on agriculture. Agriculture I reports on labour, cultivation and implements and irrigation. The section 'Agriculture II' reports on dates and date palms, their distribution and incidence; cultivation; date of ripening; cooked dates, disease, yield, price, packing and varieties. The section 'Agriculture III' examines other crops such as fruit trees and ground crops. Other sections cover population, government, and trade.There is correspondence between Dowson and Major George Patrick Murphy, Political Agent Muscat discussing the report's significance. Also included is correspondence between Lionel Berkeley Haworth, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf, the India Office and Department of Overseas Trade about the potential of the date trade in Muscat.
Description
This file contains copies of the financial records of the Government of Bahrain that were sent to the British Political Agency in Bahrain by Charles Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain. The records cover the years 1352-1354AH (1933-1935). These records include details of the expenditure and budget of the government.The file also contains annual reports written by Charles Belrave that cover a range of topics including the pearling industry in Bahrain, education, agriculture, the police force, and public works.The file contains three black and white photos (ff 144-146), the titles of which are as follows:Police station at Hedd (outside view);New barrack room at the fort;Hedd Police post (interior).
Description
This file contains copies of the financial records of the Government of Bahrain that were sent to the British Political Agency in Bahrain by Charles Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain. The records cover the years 1351-1353AH (1933-1935). These records include details of the expenditure and budget of the government.The file also contains correspondence that discusses Bahrain's financial situation, notably the economic problems caused by the decline in its pearling industry and the large proportion of its budget allocated to the ruling family's civil list. This correspondence is primarily between Charles Belgrave and the Political Agent in Bahrain, Percy Gordon Loch but the file also contains correspondence (in English and Arabic) between Loch and the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa [Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah].